Friday, January 1, 2016

William Shugars

January 8th marks 135 years since the death of William Shugars.
Requiscat in pace
Erected by his Children
William was born on January 5, 1828 in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, the son of Daniel Shugars and Mary Lynch, and elder brother of George Shugars from the December 2014 blog post.  The family moved across the border to Maryland shortly before George's birth in 1840.  In the 1850 census, Daniel was working as a farmer in Baltimore County, owning real estate valued at $1,250.  William was working as a blacksmith, while siblings George and Margaret were attending school.
On September 14, 1854, William married Louisa Wilson at the Swan Hotel in Baltimore City.  Louisa was born in Carroll County, Maryland on June 3, 1836, the daughter of Amon Wilson and Susanna Gillis.

In the 1860 census, the couple were living near Finksburg in the Woolerys District of Carroll County.  William continued working as a blacksmith, along with Thomas Leatherwood.  He owned no real estate, but William's personal estate was valued at $200.
In the midst of the Civil War, William Shugars was drafted as a Private in the 8th Maryland Infantry Regiment on December 5, 1862 for a term of nine months.  He was described as having dark hair and a dark complexion, with hazel eyes, standing at a height of five feet, nine inches tall.  Though his muster roll cards are somewhat contradictory, there was a note that he had deserted in February 1863. He had returned to duty by March 18th, when he was transferred to Company B at Harpers Ferry.  In June and July, he served as company cook, before being discharged at the end of his nine-month term on August 23, 1863 at Rappahannock Station.
William and Louisa were living in Reisterstown and had three children by the 1870 census:  nine-year-old Maggie, seven-year-old William, and five-year-old Susan.  William was again listed as without any real estate, and he was now working simply as a laborer, not a blacksmith.  Louisa was keeping house, while the two elder children were attending school.
It is impossible now to know what happened, but by the 1880 census, William and Louisa had separated.  William was living with his sister Isabella's family in Baltimore County.  He was listed as "at home", without an occupation, and, most worryingly, was marked as being "insane".
Louisa, on the other hand, was living in Baltimore City in 1880 with the three children.  She was keeping house with her two daughters, and had taken on three boarders, while her son worked as a drayman.  Curiously, she claimed to be a widow.
William passed away the following year, on January 8, 1881, three days past his 53rd birthday.

In 1893, Louisa Shugars applied for a widow's pension based on William's service during the Civil War.  No mention was made of any marital discord between the two - but then, any such admission would certainly not have been to her advantage.  Louisa claimed that "her husband left no property + that she [had] no estate or income whatsoever;  and [was] not able to do much work, but [did] what she [could] to help to earn a livelihood;  that were it not for the kindness of her children and friends she would not be able to get along."
William's siblings George and Isabella both gave statements on Louisa's behalf, and she was granted a pension of $8 per month beginning on January 8, 1894, the thirteenth anniversary of William's death.

Louisa lived in Baltimore City until her death on September 28, 1910, at the age of 74.  She was interred at Loudon Park Cemetery.
William and Louisa's children were:
  • Margaret F. Shugars, 1860-1929, wife of Thomas F. Barron, Jr.
  • William Daniel Shugars, 1861-1920, husband of Maggie Hawks
  • Susan Shugars, c1865-????

Sources: (census records)

  • Year: 1850; Census Place: District 1, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M432_280; Page: 239B.
  • Year: 1860; Census Place: Woolerys, Carroll, Maryland; Roll: M653_471; Pages: 749-750.
  • Year: 1870; Census Place: Reisterstown, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M593_569; Page: 282B.
  • Year: 1880; Census Place: District 8, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: 496; Pages: 120C-120D.
  • Year: 1880; Census Place: Baltimore, Baltimore City, Maryland; Roll: 500; Page: 309B.
  • Year: 1900; Census Place: Baltimore Ward 17, Baltimore City, Maryland; Roll: 615; Page: 16A.
  • Year: 1910; Census Place: Baltimore Ward 17, Baltimore City, Maryland; Roll: T624_558; Page: 11A
Fold3 (Civil War records)

Maryland Archives (death & marriage records)

National Archives (pension file)

Cemetery photos © AgateGS

Sunday, November 1, 2015

John & Matilda Gies

November 10th marks 116 years since the death of Matilda (Warren) Gies.
May she rest in peace
Matilda was born on October 29, 1827 in Pennsylvania, the daughter of James and Catharine Warren.  By the 1850 census, they had moved south to Baltimore County.  James was a blacksmith, owning $4,000 worth of real estate.
John Gies was born on May 23, 1809 in Hesse-Darmstadt, the son of Herman and Mary Gies, and the father of Henry Lewis Gies from the October 2013 blog post.  John came to the U.S. in 1841 with his parents, wife Anna, and four young children.

In the 1850 census, the Gies family had settled in Baltimore County, with John working as a shoemaker.  He and Anna now had seven children total, the three youngest having been born in the U.S.
In 1853, John Gies began renting two adjacent lots of land along the east side of Main Street from John T. Johns for $40.50 each year.  As part of the agreement, John Gies was required to "enclose the said lots with one or more good and substantial fences" and to "thoroughly repair the dwelling house and buildings on the lot" within two years.
However, the 1850s were a rough decade for the family.  Illness likely struck the family in November of 1852, when sons George and William died within a week of each other.  In October of 1855, his father Herman passed away, one month before John became a naturalized U.S. citizen.  In early 1859, John also lost his wife, Anna.
Though hard to part with one so dear
The trial great, the loss severe
Yet faith points upward to the throne
Where parting will no more be known
Sometime after 1860, Matilda Warren married John Gies.  Matilda would have been in her thirties, and no doubt John needed help raising his younger children after Anna's death.  By the 1870 census, however, John and Matilda had no children living in their household.  Matilda was keeping house, and John was still working as a shoemaker.  The same would remain true even until the 1880 census.

John Gies passed away suddenly on August 14, 1886, at the age of 77.
Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord,
yea saith the spirit,
they shall rest from their labors
In his will, John appointed his wife Matilda and son James as his executors.  He directed that $1,000 be invested for Matilda "for her sole use and benefit during her natural life or as long as she remains my widow," and granted her their house and property.  He was a careful planner:  "in case the house should be consumed by fire I direct that another be built on the site of the present house out of the insurance funds as far as the money will reach."  If Matilda remarried or passed away, John's estate would be equally distributed among his remaining children, Christiana, Henry, Christian, Catharine, and James, and his grandsons John and James.
Furthermore, John ordered that "in case any one or more of these my heirs should be dissatisfied with this my last will and testament, I hereby positively direct that in each and every case of dissatisfaction my executor or executors shall grant only the sum of fifty dollars and no more."  In other words, take it or leave it!

Matilda survived her husband by twelve years, passing away on November 10, 1898 in Baltimore City, though for some reason, her gravestone gives the wrong year of 1899.  For her funeral, her remains were transported from the city up to Reisterstown via an Emory Grove trolley car.  The Baltimore Sun noted that as such trolley journeys were becoming more common, the Baltimore and Northern Railway Company was planning to construct a trolley car to be used solely for funerals, to better accommodate the mourners.
John Gies' shoe store at 143 Main Street remained in the family until his son Christian's death in 1903.  It changed hands a bit after that, but mostly still used as a shoe shop until the 1960s.  Today, the building is occupied by Unlimited Services Available.
John Gies' children with his first wife Anna were:
  • Christiana Gies, 1833-1892, wife of John W. Hitshue
  • Henry Lewis Gies, 1834-1911, husband of (1) Margaret Ann Uhler & (2) Rosa L. Gore
  • John Gies, 1836-1874, husband of Ophelia L. Ensminger
  • George Konrad Gies, 1841-1852
  • Christian Gies, 1843-1903, unmarried
  • Catharine Elizabeth Gies, c1846-????, wife of ? Groff
  • William H. Gies, 1848-1852
  • James Kraft Gies, 1850-1932, husband of Annie Elizabeth Groff

Sources: (census & naturalization records)
  • National Archives and Records Administration; Indexes to Naturalization petitions to the U.S. Circuit and District Courts for Maryland, 1797-1951; Microfilm Serial: M1168; Microfilm Roll: 6.
  • Year: 1850; Census Place: District 1, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M432_280; Page: 221B.
  • Year: 1850; Census Place: District 1, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M432_280; Page: 222B.
  • Year: 1860; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M653_468; Page: 45.
  • Year: 1860; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M653_468; Page: 42.
  • Year: 1870; Census Place: Reisterstown, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M593_569; Page: 280B.
  • Year: 1880; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: 495; Page: 570D.
Baltimore Sun
  • "Items From Reisterstown." Date: 16 August 1886; Page: 4.
  • "A Trolley Car Funeral." Date: 14 November 1898; Page: 7. (immigration record)

Maryland Archives (Death records, Historic Sites Inventory Survey)

West Virginia Division of Culture and History

Cemetery Photos © AgateGS

Thursday, October 1, 2015

Samuel & Elizabeth Harryman

October 17th marks 150 years since the death of Elizabeth (Wheeler) Harryman, and October 21st marks 163 years since the death of her husband, Samuel Harryman.
"An honest man the noblest work of God"
Samuel and Elizabeth were the parents of Priscilla Harryman Choate from the June 2014 blog post, and the grandparents of Amos Harryman from the December 2013 blog post.

Elizabeth Wheeler was born on April 16, 1781 in Maryland, and Samuel Harryman was born almost exactly five months later, on September 15th.  It is uncertain who their parents were, but the two were married in Baltimore County on January 21, 1804.
On December 20, 1806, Samuel purchased a half-acre lot of land from Charles Bardle for £30.  The lot had previously been part of the "Brotherly Love" land tract owned by John Reister.  Samuel purchased an additional half-acre from Peter Trine (Reister's son-in-law) in 1810 for $100.
Despite the land purchases in what would become Reisterstown, Samuel and Elizabeth were counted in the 1810 census living in Soldiers Delight Hundred.  In all, there were eight members in the household, including three girls under the age of ten:  the Harrymans' young daughters Priscilla, Merab, and Lucretia.
Over the next decade, the Harrymans welcomed at least four sons into the family, but only George survived to be counted in the 1820 census.  Sons Columbus, Owen, and Charles each lived a handful of months, and together share a headstone in the cemetery.
Samuel Harryman was serving as one of the six trustees of the Lutheran Church on January 12, 1821, when it was officially incorporated by the Maryland General Assembly.
In 1828, Samuel was appointed the town's Postmaster, a position he would hold until 1849.  According to an article from the Weekly Argus, his replacement was politically motivated:  "Not for want of integrity or capacity, but for the more heinous offence of being a Democrat."  The Baltimore Sun even described Samuel as "a faithful and obliging officer."
In the 1850 census, Samuel was listed as a saddler, owning $3,000 worth of real estate.  Two of the Harrymans' adult children were living with them, Lucretia, aged 39, and Amos, aged 29, who was listed as a merchant.  Also living in the household were a granddaughter, Catharine Mackelfresh;  a niece, Nancy Wheeler;  and a boarder, Nicholas Gorgan.
Samuel Harryman passed away two years later, on October 21, 1852 at the age of 71.
In his will, Samuel named his wife Elizabeth and son Amos as his executors, though on November 3, 1852, Elizabeth renounced her rights as executor in favor of her son.  Samuel granted $100 to his son George, and absolved him of the debts that George owed him.  His daughter Priscilla was bequeathed $50, while daughter Merab, granddaughter Catharine, and niece Nancy each received $10.  The rest of his estate he left to his wife, son Amos, and daughter Lucretia, to be equally divided among them.
Elizabeth, Amos, and Lucretia were still living in the same household in the 1860 census, though now with a servant, North Little, and two boarders, Margaret Riders and Alexander Allen.  Even though the property was left to the trio equally, only Amos was listed as owning the real estate, valued at $8,000.
Elizabeth Harryman passed away on October 17, 1865 at the age of 84.
The Harrymans' House remains today, one of the town's oldest buildings.  For many years, it has been a popular local restaurant.
Samuel and Elizabeth's children were:
  • Priscilla Harryman, 1804-1876, wife of Herod Choate
  • Merab Harryman, 1807-1870, wife of (1) Jacob M. Mackelfresh & (2) Henry Baker
  • Lucretia Harryman, 1809-1892, unmarried
  • George W. Harryman, c1811–18??, husband of Eliza L. Igo
  • Columbus R. Harryman, 1813-1815
  • Owen S. Harryman, 1815-1816
  • Charles D. Harryman, 1817-1818
  • Amos A. Harryman, 1821-1877, husband of Ann Howard Harding

Sources: (census records)

  • Year: 1810; Census Place: Soldiers Delight Hundred, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: 13; Page: 569.
  • Year: 1820; Census Place: District 7, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M33_41; Page: 14.
  • Year: 1830; Census Place: District 7, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M19_55; Page: 210.
  • Year: 1840; Census Place: District 5, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: 162; Page: 161.
  • Year: 1850; Census Place: District 1, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M432_280; Page: 220A.
  • Year: 1860; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M653_468; Page: 42.
Baltimore Sun
  • No Title. Date: 7 January 1850; Page: 2.
  • "Died." Date: 23 October 1852; Page: 2.
  • "Died." Date: 18 October 1865; Page: 2.
Maryland Archives (marriage records, land records, legislative records, will & Historic Sites Inventory Survey)

Reisterstown Library

  • Weekly Argus article
Cemetery photos © AgateGS

Tuesday, September 1, 2015

Elizabeth H. Davis

September 1st marks 114 years since the death of Elizabeth "Bessie" Hudson Davis.
Bessie was born on April 5, 1866, the eldest daughter of Michael Davis and Rebecca Ruth Mettam.  Her father Michael was a German immigrant, and probably traveled to the U.S. sometime in the 1850s.  Though Bessie's mother Rebecca was born in Maryland, her parents were English immigrants.  Bessie's maternal grandfather Joseph Mettam was a well-known minister who served as the pastor of the Pikesville Baptist Church, now the Mettam Memorial Baptist Church, for over fifty years.

Michael Davis and Rebecca Mettam were married in Pikesville by Rebecca's father on October 8, 1863.  By the 1870 census, the couple were living near Reisterstown and had three daughters, Bessie, Annie, and Carrie.  Michael was a farmer and owned real estate valued at $7,500.  A laborer, William Bean, was also living with the family.
The Davises would welcome two sons and another daughter in the coming years, before tragedy befell the family in November of 1877.  Perhaps some illness struck, as three of the children died within weeks of each other:  Annie, almost ten years old;  Alice, just two weeks shy of her sixth birthday; and Henry, three years old.
In the 1880 census, Michael was now working as a carpenter.  Bessie and her sister Carrie were attending school, while their mother Rebecca was keeping house with their new one-year-old brother, Reister.
Bessie graduated from Reisterstown High School, now Franklin, in 1886.  The year prior, her father had purchased a plot of land for $240 along Central Avenue in Glyndon in trust for Bessie.  There were some interesting conditions required in the deed.  The Davises were not allowed to "make or sell any speritous or intoxicating liquors, except for medical use", nor to build a slaughter house, lime kiln, glue factory, bone mill, soap factory, or stable.  Further, they would have to put in a board walk and plant trees along Central Avenue.  For reasons unknown, Michael sold the land in 1887 for $300, this time without any conditions attached.

The following year, on September 18, 1888, Michael Davis passed away at the age of 52.
Around this time, Bessie began teaching history and civil government at the Reisterstown High School.  In 1892, she was appointed assistant principal, a position she still held when the school was renamed Franklin High School a few years later in 1896.  In the photo below, taken in 1898, Bessie is standing on the far left, with Principal Zachariah Ebaugh in the center of the group.  Her youngest sister Katherine would graduate from Franklin the following year.
In early 1892, Bessie's mother Rebecca purchased a plot of land for $300 from John and Catherine Dean at the sharp curve near the south end of town, near present-day 500 Main Street.  The location was marked "Mrs. Davis" on an 1898 map of Reisterstown.
In the 1900 census, 34-year-old Bessie was listed as a teacher, living with her mother and three younger siblings.  Her sister Caroline was a music teacher, and brother Reister was a fireman.
Late in the evening on August 31, 1901, Bessie was returning home on the electric railway line on Main Street after visiting with friends.  She missed the stop near her home, and hurried up to the conductor, asking him to stop the car.  He told Bessie that he couldn't stop the car until the next stop on the line, and tried to grab a hold of her arm.  As the conductor rang the bell to signal to the car's motorman, Bessie jumped off the moving car.

After stopping the car, Bessie was found unconscious on the side of the road, and carried to her home.  She had suffered a concussion on the left side of her head from the fall, leaving the right side of her body paralyzed.  Though she attempted to move her left arm a few times, Bessie never fully regained consciousness, and passed away the following day.

Because Bessie herself was never able to give a statement about what had caused her fall, an inquest was held to determine if she had jumped from the car, or had been thrown by the car's movement.  Though the motorman and several of the passengers were unable to say for certain what had happened, the conductor and a few other witnesses testified that Bessie had jumped.  While the conductor claimed that the car was moving at over twenty miles an hour, the motorman stated that the cars never go faster than fourteen miles per hour.
The inquest determined that Bessie had jumped from the car, but also stated that "this would have been prevented had the conductor been better acquainted with the road and people, which lack of acquaintance results from the system of the railway company in frequently changing conductors on this route."

A funeral service led by five local ministers was held at the Southern Methodist Church, which proved to be too small to hold the all of the mourners wishing to attend.  Several members of Franklin High's alumni association served as pall bearers.  Rev. William M. Waters, the church's pastor, sang "Nearer, Yet Nearer" and read a poem, "Fate", found in a notebook that Bessie had been carrying the night of the accident.
Bessie's siblings were:
  • Annie Louisa Davis, 1867-1877
  • Caroline "Carrie" Davis, 1869-1939, wife of Cardiff Tagart Hollingsworth
  • Alice Barker Davis, 1871-1877
  • Henry Davis, 1874-1877
  • William Reister Davis, 1879-1958, husband of Clara Marie Chason
  • Katherine Turner Davis, 1881-1963, unmarried

Sources: (census records & map)

  • Year: 1870; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M593_569; Pages: 263B-264A.
  • Year: 1880; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: 495; Page: 571A.
  • Year: 1900; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: 606; Page: 3A.
Baltimore Sun
  • "Married." Date: 14 October 1863; Page: 2.
  • "Death Of An Aged Minister." Date: 2 February 1888; Page: 6.
  • "Died." Date: 19 September 1888; Page: 2.
  • "Franklin High School." Date: 24 June 1898; Page: 7.
  • "Franklin High School." Date: 24 June 1899; Page: 7.
  • "Suburbs And County." Date: 2 September 1901; Page: 7.
  • "Jury Says Miss Davis Jumped." Date: 3 September 1901; Page: 7. 
  • "Suburbs And County." Date: 4 September 1901; Page: 7. 
Maryland Archives (death & land records)

Reisterstown Library

  • 1898 & 1901 Franklin High School Photos
Cemetery photos © AgateGS

Saturday, August 1, 2015

Frank L. Dorsey

August 30th marks 88 years since the death of Frank Louis Dorsey.
Frank was born on July 3, 1893 in Louisville, Maryland, the second son of James M. Dorsey and Fannie Bell Stocksdale.  His father James was the son of Irish immigrants, and grew up working on the family's farm in Baltimore County.

In the 1900 census, the Dorsey family was living in Carroll County.  His father James was working as a farmer, and one of the farm hands, Adam Miller, was living with them.  James and Fannie had been married nine years prior, and had three young sons:  Harry, Frank, and James.
Sometime shortly after this census, the Dorseys moved to a farm in Reisterstown.  It was around this time that a photo was taken of the family.  The identity of the girl in the picture is unknown.
Frank's mother Fannie passed away on June 26, 1907 at the age of 43 from an ovarian tumor.

In 1910, teenage Frank was living with his father and brothers in Reisterstown.  His elder brother Harry was listed as being a laborer on the farm, while Frank and younger brother James had no occupation.
Both Frank and Harry were students at Franklin High School, with Harry graduating in 1910, followed by Frank two years later in 1912.  Oddly, their younger brother James does not appear in any of the school's Dial yearbooks.  The 1912 Dial gives interesting glimpses of Frank's time there:  his nickname was Shortie, his "greatest need" was an automobile, and he was famous for his good humor.

Frank also played on Franklin's baseball team.  According to a passage in the yearbook, written mid-season:
"This year the managers arranged a very ambitious schedule with some of the strongest schools in the city and state including McDonough, Baltimore Polytechnic Institute, Maryland Agricultural College Reserves, Loyola High School, Westminster High School, and Western Maryland College Freshman.  The weather prevented much early practice and consequently the playing was rather ragged, but there was a noted improvement in each game.  Finally the team struck its stride, started a winning streak and shows fair promise of keeping on winning until the close of the year."
During World War I, Frank enlisted as a private on August 28, 1918, serving in the Supply Company of the 72nd Infantry.  Not much is known about his brief service in the war, which came to an end two and a half months later.  Frank was discharged from service on January 30, 1919.  The Dial yearbook from that year included Frank on the Franklin High School Honor Roll of graduates who had served during the war.
In the 1920 census, Frank and both of his brothers were still living at home with their father.  Harry was listed as a clerk for the railroad, while Frank and James worked at home on the farm.  The family had hired a housekeeper, Sallie Gittinger, who lived with them.
Sometime during the 1920s, Frank married a woman named Catherine, but  sadly, they only had a few years together at most.  Frank passed away on August 30, 1927 at the age of 34 from peritonitis.

Sources: (census & WWI records)

  • Year: 1900; Census Place: Woolerys, Carroll, Maryland; Roll: 620; Page: 4A.
  • Year: 1910; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: T624_550; Page: 21B.
  • Year: 1920; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: T625_654; Page: 18A.
Baltimore Sun
  • "Deaths." Date: 2 September 1927; Page: 17.
Maryland Archives (death records)

Reisterstown Library

  • Dial, Franklin High School, 1912 & 1919.
  • Dorsey Photo
Cemetery photos © AgateGS