Sunday, November 2, 2014

Picture Glitches

Blogger, this blog's host, is currently having issues displaying some pictures, and instead, has put in placehold-images.  We're in the process of getting them all fixed.  Please be patient with us while we work out the kinks!

Saturday, November 1, 2014

Alice E. Stone

November 12th marks 102 years since the death of Alice (Gosnell) Stone.

The family was one of the more complicated to research, as their gravestone has no dates on it, only names.
Alice was born on April 29, 1845 in Maryland, the daughter of Thomas Gosnell and Mary Lockard.  Her father was a veteran of the War of 1812, having served as a Private in Captain Jeremiah Ducker's Company.  After the war, Thomas worked as a carpenter in Baltimore City.  The 1850 census shows Thomas as the head of a rather large household, likely made up of extended family members. He owned real estate valued at $900.  Young Alice was about six years old at the time.
By 1860, the household was reduced in size.  Alice was the youngest member, and at age fifteen, was attending school.  The value of Thomas' real estate had increased slightly to $1,000, and he was now listed as a "master" carpenter.
Sometime in the mid-1860s, Alice married Pinkney M. Stone of North Carolina, though it is unknown how the two of them met.  During the Civil War, Pinkney had been conscripted on October 15, 1862 to serve as a Private in the 45th North Carolina Infantry Regiment.  At the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House on May 10, 1864, Pinkney was shot in the leg, and retired from active service later that year.
In the 1870 census, the Stones were living in Rockingham County, North Carolina, where Pinkney operated a dry goods store.  The couple had two children:  Thomas, age 4, and Emma, age 3.  Also living in the household was Pinkney's store clerk, David Martin.
Pinkney and Alice would have two more daughters, Mary and Nellie, before Pinkney's death on November 2, 1874.  Pinkney was buried in the Stone family's small cemetery in North Carolina, in what would later become the town of Stoneville.

After Pinkney's death Alice returned with her children to Baltimore City.  Her father Thomas had passed away while she was living in North Carolina, so in the 1880 census, Alice was living with her widowed mother and three older siblings.  One of her brothers, Franklin, had taken after their father and was working as a carpenter.  Alice's two middle children were attending school.
Five years later, Alice's mother Mary passed away.  In her will, she left Alice her house, with all its furniture, on East Madison Street in Baltimore City, "so long as she remains a widow, to hold and enjoy the same, in trust for [Mary's] son George W. Gosnell during his natural life."  Two other sons, John and Frank, were instructed to "use their best endeavors to make it an agreeable home."
Alice's eldest daughter Emma passed away on Christmas Day in 1887 at the age of 21.
In 1891, son Thomas passed away at the age of 26.  He was interred in the Stone family cemetery in North Carolina.
In the 1900 census, Alice was living with her younger daughters Mary and Nellie, now 29 and 27 years old respectively, both of whom were working as teachers.  Alice's older siblings Franklin and Martha (a widow, with no children), were also living in the household.
By 1910, the family was down to just Alice and her two daughters.  None was listed as having an occupation.
Alice passed away two years later, on November 12, 1912 in Baltimore City, at the age of 67. 
Pinkney and Alice's children were:
  • Thomas P. Stone, 1866-1891
  • Emma V. Stone, c1867-1887
  • Mary M. Stone, 1871-1957
  • Nellie E. Stone, 1873-1934

Sources: (census records)

  • Year: 1850; Census Place: Ward 6, Baltimore City, Maryland; Roll: M432_283; Pages: 193A-B.
  • Year: 1860; Census Place: Ward 6, Baltimore City, Maryland; Roll: M653_460; Pages: 424-5.
  • Year: 1870; Census Place: Mayo, Rockingham, North Carolina; Roll: M593_1157; Page: 283A.
  • Year: 1880; Census Place: Ward 7, Baltimore City, Maryland; Roll: 499; Page: 403C.
  • Year: 1900; Census Place: Ward 10, Baltimore City, Maryland; Roll: 612; Page: 15B.
  • Year: 1910; Census Place: Ward 10, Baltimore City, Maryland; Roll: T624_556; Page: 11B.
Baltimore Sun
  • "Died." Date: 28 December 1887; Page: 2.
  • "Died." Date: 22 September 1891; Page: 2.
  • "Died." Date: 14 November 1912; Page: 6. (will) (Pinkney & Thomas)

Fold3 (Civil War records)

Maryland Archives (death records)

Cemetery photos © AgateGS

Wednesday, October 1, 2014

William & Mary Brown

October 31st marks 100 years since the death of Mary E. (Yingling) Brown.
Mary Yingling was born in Maryland on March 28th, most likely in 1851. Her gravestone gives the year 1821, which would put her birth four years even before her father's.  Mary was the younger daughter of Jesse R. Yingling and Annie M. Gettier.  In the 1860 census, her father was working as a tailor.  He's not listed as owning any real estate, but the value of his personal property was $1,200.  Mary, who was nine years old, and her older sister Julia, were both attending school.  Interestingly, the census enumerator had creatively transcribed the family's last name as "Zingley".
Ten years later, Mary was still living with her parents, but her sister Julia had married and moved out of the household.  Her father Jesse now owned $1,000 worth of real estate.
William Brown was born on December 10, 1845 in Maryland, the son of Thomas S. and Belinda Brown.  Unlike Mary, he came from a large family;  in the 1850 census, William was one of nine children in the household.  His father Thomas was working as a farmer in Carroll County, owning real estate valued at $3,500.  Four of William's older siblings were attending school, though at age five, William was still too young.
In the 1860 census, the value of Thomas Brown's real estate had doubled to $7,000.  Two of William's older brothers, Joshua and Josiah, were working on their father's farm.  Curiously, fourteen-year-old William has no occupation given, nor was marked as attending school.
By 1870, William had moved out of his parents' house, and was working at Hitshue's Hotel as a bartender.
William Brown and Mary Yingling were married sometime around 1872.  In the 1880 census, William was now working as a butcher.  Mary, now 25 years old, was keeping house.  Her father Jesse had passed away four years prior, and so her mother Annie was living with the couple.
In the years following, the property that Mary's father had owned in Reisterstown changed hands several times, and there was some sort of legal battle that ensued.  Eventually, on January 29, 1891, the property was resold to Mary and her husband for $900.  The very same day, Mary and William mortgaged the property to the Franklin Permanent Building Association.
A map of Reisterstown from 1898, however, shows that William and Mary had returned to the property, located near the Lutheran Church, and across the street from the present-day location of Franklin Middle School.
In the 1900 census, William was unemployed, and had been out of work for about two years.  The couple had been married now for 28 years, but had no children.
Ten years later, William, now 64 years old, was likely retired, as under occupation, he's listed as living on his "own income".
Mary passed away on October 31, 1914 at the age of 63 from hemiplegia.
In 1918, William sold the couple's house, and went to live with with a nephew in Baltimore City.  He passed away on February 10, 1927 from heart disease at the age of 81.
Unfortunately, the Browns' house at 121-123 Main Street no longer exists today. 

Sources: (census records & map)

  • Year: 1850; Census Place: District 4, Carroll, Maryland; Roll: M432_289; Page: 190B.
  • Year: 1860; Census Place: Woolerys, Carroll, Maryland; Roll: M653_471; Page: 774.
  • Year: 1860; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M653_468; Page: 45.
  • Year: 1870; Census Place: Reisterstown, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M593_569; Page: 279A.
  • Year: 1870; Census Place: Reisterstown, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M593_569; Page: 277B.
  • Year: 1880; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: 495; Page: 568D.
  • Year: 1900; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: 606; Page: 5B.
  • Year: 1910; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: T624_550; Page: 10B.
  • Year: 1920; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: T625_654; Page: 14A.
Baltimore Sun
  • "Died." Date: 1 November 1914; Page: 6.
  • "William G. Brown." Date: 13 February 1927; Page: 4.
Maryland Archives (death & land records, Historic Sites Inventory Survey)

Cemetery photos © AgateGS

Monday, September 1, 2014

Bernard & Addie Gore

September 13th marks 94 years since the death of Adeline "Addie" F. (Hobbs) Gore.
Addie was born on March 6, 1866 in Maryland, the daughter of Lawrence W. Hobbs and Emeline J. Selby.  She and her many siblings grew up in Howard County, where her father worked as a farmer, and later, served two terms as a judge of the Orphans' Court.  In the 1870 census, Addie was only three years old, but by 1880, she was old enough to be attending school.

Harry Bernard Gore was born on October 29, 1855 in Baltimore County, Maryland, the son of John H. Gore and Ruth Gore.  Unlike Addie with her large family, Bernard had just one sister, Isabel Elizabeth.  His father was also a farmer, owning $10,000 worth of real estate in the 1870 census.
In September of 1886, a tournament was held in Reisterstown, complete with tilting, knights, a queen, maids-of-honor, heralds, and prizes.  John Gore served as one of the event's judges, with his son Bernard as one of the assistants.  Caleb Hobbs, Addie's older brother, was a marshal, and gave the coronation address.

Addie and Bernard were married the following year, on November 23, 1887 at St. James Methodist Church in Howard County.
It seems as though Addie may have suffered from depression, though over a century later, it is impossible to know for certain the details of her personal life.  Whatever the reason, on October 14, 1898, Addie attempted to commit suicide by shooting herself in the head.  Miraculously, she survived.  She was found alone in her room by her mother-in-law Ruth, who immediately summoned Bernard, the neighbors, Dr. James Gore of Reisterstown, and Dr. H. H. Campbell of Owings Mills.  Addie remained in critical condition for a few days, but had recovered enough by the following week that the doctors no longer feared for her life.

In the 1900 census, Bernard, now 45 years old, was working as a farmer.  Living with the couple was a servant, 13-year-old Samuel Tucker.
In Reisterstown, the tournament became a regular event held in either August or September - much as the Reisterstown Festival today is our traditional end-of-summer event.  The tradition continued into the new century, and the Gores were regular attendees, with Bernard frequently serving as either the assistant marshal or as a judge.
Bernard and Addie never had any children, so over the years, their household changed little in the census records.  On September 13, 1920, Addie passed away at the age of 54.
After Addie's death, Bernard went to live with a cousin.  Bernard passed away ten years later, on December 13, 1930, at the age of 75.

Sources: (census records)
  • Year: 1860; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M653_468; Page: 1.
  • Year: 1870; Census Place: Reisterstown, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M593_569; Page: 278B.
  • Year: 1870; Census Place: District 4, Howard, Maryland; Roll: M593_589; Page: 404A.
  • Year: 1880; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: 495; Page: 574C.
  • Year: 1880; Census Place: District 3, Howard, Maryland; Roll: 511; Page: 381C.
  • Year: 1900; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: 606; Page: 24A.
  • Year: 1910; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: T624_550; Page: 22B.
  • Year: 1920; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: T625_654; Page: 16A.
  • Year: 1930; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: 846; Page: 5A.
Baltimore Sun
  • "Items from Reisterstown." Date: 22 September 1886; Page: 6.
  • "Wedding in Howard County." Date: 26 November 1887; Page: 6.
  • "Baltimore County." Date: 17 September 1890; Page: 4.
  • "Like Knights of Old." Date: 26 August 1897; Page: 8.
  • "Mrs. Addie Gore Found Wounded." Date: 15 October 1898; Page: 7.
  • "Mrs. Gore Improving." Date: 18 October 1898; Page: 7. 
  • "Miscellany." Date: 21 October 1898; Page: 7.
  • "Miscellany." Date: 9 January 1899; Page: 7.
  • "Tilting at Reisterstown." Date: 25 August 1899; Page: 7.
  • "It Was a Merry Tilt." Date: 27 September 1901; Page: 6.
  • "Valor to Beauty." Date: 22 August 1902; Page: 7.
  • "Miss Sadie Hobbs the Queen." Date: 17 August 1906; Page: 7.
  • "Mrs. H. Bernard Gore." Date: 14 September 1920; Page: 9. 
Cemetery Photos © AgateGS

Friday, August 1, 2014

George Kephart

August 26th marks 126 years since the death of George Kephart.
George Kephart was born on February 7, 1811, the fifth child of David Andrew Kephart Jr. and Margaret Reister.  On his mother's side, George was a great-grandson of town founder John Reister, and an uncle of William Russell, from last November's blog post.  George and his siblings grew up near Taneytown - then Frederick County, now Carroll County.

David Kephart passed away in 1836.  In his will, he made specific bequests to his wife and two of his children, but his estate was to be equally divided among George and his seven siblings.  George and his older brother Philip were named as executors.

In the 1850 census, George was a farmer living in Carroll County, owning real estate valued at $17,000.  His mother, Margaret, and two sisters, Sarah and Hannah, were living with him.  Also in the household was a laborer, David Yingling.  Three other men lived on the farm:  Nelson Shriver, and David and James Foreman;  no occupation is given for these men, but likely they also worked on the farm.
In 1856, for the price of $40 an acre, George Kephart purchased about 259 acres of land from "Walnut Grove", a tract of land owned by John T. Moale, who was the husband of George's second cousin, Caroline Reister Moale.  John's father Thomas had owned "Walnut Grove" before him, and part of it included sixteen acres of land from John Reister Jr.'s tract originally known as "Brotherly Love", near present-day Glyndon Drive.
Ten years later, not long after the end of the Civil War, the Reisterstown's Lutheran congregation began work on building a new church for their services.  The original log church, which had been located in the northeast corner of the Reisterstown Community Cemetery, had been torn down in the 1850s.  Since then, members had been meeting in each other's homes.  A cornerstone was laid in July of 1866, and work on the church continued until January of 1867, overseen by the building committee, of which George Kephart was a member.
On February 25, 1867, George donated half an acre from "Walnut Grove", along present-day Bond Avenue, to the "coloured Trustees of the Methodist Episcopal Church ... for a coloured school house and graveyard."  Dating back to the 1830s, the African-American community in Reisterstown had been growing, originally meeting at the Methodist Church on Main Street, then moving around to various private homes as the community expanded.  The new one-room school house, completed in 1872, became part of the Black Public School System of Baltimore County.
In the 1870 census, George, now 59 years old, was living in Reisterstown.  He was still working as a farmer, owning $18,000 worth of real estate.  Living with him were his aunt, Susan Whalen;  his younger sister, Susan Russell, who was keeping house; his nieces, Hannah and Susan Russell;  and a laborer, George Chance.
Another religious community seeking to build a church was the Episcopal Church.  In January of 1879, the Vestry of Reisterstown Parish purchased five acres, and rented five more acres, from George Kephart's "Walnut Grove" property.  The land was immediately east of the African-American community's school house.

About a year after, Reverend Valentine, who led the African-American congregation, approached George Kephart for permission to use part of the cemetery grounds next to the school house for a larger church building.  George agreed, so long as the construction would not interfere with the school.  The new church was completed in 1880 and was named the Colored Methodist Episcopal Church of Baltimore County, which later became St. Luke's United Methodist Church.

By the 1880 census, George's household a changed a bit.  His aunt and sister still lived with him, and sister was still keeping house.  Two different nieces lived with him now, Lizzie and Sarah Russell.  Kephart Pfeffer, who would later marry George's grand-niece Hannah Russell, was working on the farm.  George also employed two domestic servants, Ann Madden and Jane Smith.
The Episcopal Church purchased additional land from George Kephart in 1881 and 1883, and a temporary chapel was built at the property's western edge.  In March of 1884, the Vestry of Reisterstown Parish "desired to obtain the sanction of the General Assembly of Maryland to such purchase", which was given.
On August 21, 1888, George Kephart suffered a paralytic stroke, which left him in a coma.  He passed away five days later, on August 26th, at the age of 77.  His obituary in the Baltimore Sun described him as "a bachelor of sociable tastes" and "one of the oldest and wealthiest farmers near Reisterstown".

George never married or had children, so in his will, he left to his sister Susan Russell the use of his farm and personal property for one year, after which it would be sold, and she would receive $5,000.  To his widowed sister-in-law Susan Kephart, he left $1,000.  The remainder of George's estate was to be equally divided among his nieces and nephews:
  • Elizabeth Russell, 1837-1909, unmarried
  • Susan Russell Wightman, 1851-1938, wife of James S. Wightman
  • Reister Russell, 1842-1922, husband of Julia C. Ducker
  • Susan Keller Russell, 1842-1940, wife of George Russell
  • Abbie Ann Thomas Russell, 1842-1926, wife of William A. Russell
In the early 1900s, the Lutheran church on Main Street was torn down and replaced with a new sanctuary, now known as Trinity Lutheran.  All Saints' Episcopal Church was built on East Chatsworth Avenue, but the cemetery remains at their original location on Bond Avenue.  Next door, the old school house was torn down in the 1990s, but St. Luke's Methodist Church still stands, with its small cemetery.

All Saints' Episcopal Church (census records)
  • Year: 1850; Census Place: District 2, Carroll, Maryland; Roll: M432_289; Page: 379A.
  • Year: 1870; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: M593_569; Page: 271A.
  • Year: 1880; Census Place: District 4, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: 495; Page: 556C.
Baltimore Sun
  • "Deaths and Burials." Date: 28 August 1888; Page: 6. (will)

German Marylanders

Maryland Archives (land records, legislative records, will & Historic Sites Inventory Survey)

Reisterstown Library

  • Reister's Desire by Lillian Bayly Marks, 1975.
  • School House & Church Photos
St. Luke's United Methodist Church

Trinity Lutheran Church

Cemetery Photos © AgateGS